Projects

Running Projects

Connecting the dots to unleash the innovation potential for digital transformation of the European agri-food sector (SmartAgriHubs)

Funding scheme: H2020-RUR-2018-2020/H2020-RUR-2018-1, Grant no. 818182
Period: November 2018 – October 2021
Radu-Ioan CIOBANU (UPB / SmartRDI, Romania)

SmartAgriHubs will boost digital transformation of the agri-food sector. By establishing a network of digital innovation hubs, it aims to stimulate digital solutions uptake in the European farming sector. In particular, we are part of the cluster for developing innovative IoT technology for monitoring live stocks, using BLE devices and smartphones coupled to a national stock database.

vINCI – Clinically-validated INtegrated Support for Assistive Care and Lifestyle Improvement: the Human Link

Funding scheme: AAL 2017 “AAL Packages / Integrated Solutions”, Grant aal-call-2017-063
Period: June 2018 – May 2021
Coordinator: Ciprian DOBRE (ICI Bucharest, Romania)

vINCI’s aim is to enhance older adults’ active ageing and, as a result, their QoL through technology. vINCI provides an integrated technology platform where the older adult is unobtrusively monitored (blending technology) through sets of pluggable technology (extensible technology), his personal records being securely stored (privacy-aware technology) and analysed to extract information to be delivered to his caregivers (through a unique dashboard) for early detection of symptoms related to impairments associated with old age (proactive loop), and for triggering alerts related to possible incidents (i.e. like falling, reactive loop). vINCI develops the integrated technology for objective monitoring and instrumentation of the QoL intervention (i.e. caregiver would be given objective results of the QoL evolution following the intervention). As QoL is associated with the sense of independence older adult’s experience, vINCI will provide the technology means for them to be in constant link with their family and friends (“the Human Link”), and with their caregivers. As vINCI must significantly improve and nourish QoL conditions for older adults by integrating leading technologies, it has been carefully premised around three complementary themes: connect, collate, and care. Find out more…

Indoor living space improvement: Smart Habitat for the Elderly (SHELD-ON)

Funding scheme: EU COST Action CA16226
Period: October 2017 – October 2021
MC Chair: Francisco MELERO (Spain)
Communications Chair: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

Sheld-on is a multidisciplinary network to support solutions that allow older persons to live safely, comfortably, and healthily at home through integrating design, ICT, ergonomics and health knowledge into furniture and building design. Improving accessibility, functionality, and safety at home, at work and in society in general requires combining many disciplines together to develop solutions that integrate ICT, ergonomics, healthcare (psychological and physical), building and community design. Integrating ICT solutions into habitats, along with improved building design, will allow us to live at home and stay active and productive for longer despite cognitive or physical impediments. Sheld-on includes relevant actors from academic, research and industry sectors that may utilise networking tools and activities to address the ageing population challenges facing Europe. The network will reduce redundancy in RDI efforts, ensure solutions are developed with a broader set of expertise, and help refine the efforts of diverse group of researchers. Find out more…

Space technologies used in the management of disasters and major crises, manifested at local, national and regional levels (SPERO)

Funding scheme: PN-III-P2-2.1-SOL-2016-03-0046
Period: April 2017 – March 2020
Partner responsible: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

SPERO aims to create a support platform for the management of emergency situations generated by natural disasters, industrial accidents, humanitarian crisis situations or extreme atmospheric and space phenomena. The project focuses on building a complex geo-spatial database, visualization, processing and analysis tools; inventory of risk areas and existing and necessary means for the management of major disasters and crises; integrated situational analysis at local, national and regional level; facilitating the access to these informational resources to structures with major crisis prevention and disaster response tasks; substantiating national and regional initiatives and policies and initiatives; Integration and capitalization of national expertise in support areas such as geo-spatial sciences, geodesy, cartography, photogrammetry, remote sensing, astrophysics, optical and video data processing, security and ICT. Find out more…

Mobile System for Tele-Monitoring Air Quality (Tel-MONAER)

Funding scheme: POC ID. P_40_270, Ctr. 1223/22.01.2018
Period: April 2018 – February 2020
Director: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

The goal of this project is to develop an IT system using the Internet of Things and Edge / Cloud Computing technologies to monitor and analyze in real time the risk factors for the environment and public health. Tel-MONAER will provide a mobile, extensible and scalable system capable of simultaneously monitoring parameters such as SO2, NOx, CO, O3, PM10, PM2.5, meteorological parameters (wind direction and speed, pressure, temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, precipitation). Find out more…

Supporting the increase of the institutional research capacity of University Politehnica of Bucharest (CRESCDI)

Funding scheme: MCI Institutional Development Funds, Ctr. no. 25PFE / 17.10.2018
Period: October 2018 – December 2020
Director: Tudor PRISECARU (UPB, Romania)

The projects aims to support sustainable excellence in research and education in the field of engineering, and applied sciences, and the formation of human capital, in the valorisation of knowledge and strong partnerships, so that important things for society can be achieved. UPB’s governance will allow creating an environment that promotes talent, competitiveness, scientific curiosity without limits, critical thinking, innovation and creativity. A platform for the collection of relevant research result, in support of this governance, will be created in the project. Find out more…

Preserving and capitalizing on the Romanian literary heritage using intelligent digital solutions for the extraction and systematization of knowledge (INTELLIT)

Funding scheme: PN-III-P1-1.2-PCCDI-2017-0821
Period: April 2018 – December 2020
Coordinator: Acad. Eugen SIMION

The project aims to contribute to preserving and capitalizing on the Romanian literary heritage by developing an integrated software platform (INTELLIT), in support for the Virtual Library of Romanian Literature (BLRV). The INTELLIT Platform will be a BLRV Broker (Service Provider) providing advanced, intelligent semantic search and analysis services by collecting and correlating structured data in a uniform, complete and open format) derived from data sources such as: The Dictionary General of Romanian Literature, Romanian Literature Life Chronology (1944-2000), Canonical Works of Romanian Literature. It will also provide trend identification services, predictive literature on Romanian literature as well as knowledge transfer services. Find out more…

Robots and Society: Cognitive Systems for Personal Robots and Autonomous Vehicles (ROBIN)

Funding scheme: PN-III-P1-1.2-PCCDI-2017-0734
Period: March 2018 – December 2020
Coordinator: Adina-Magda FLOREA (UPB, Romania)

ROBIN is a user-centered project designing systems and services for the use of robots in an interconnected digital society and enables companies to develop complex, intelligent and performing products and services for users and society as a whole. The project covers a diverse range of robots: assistive robots to support people with special needs, customer interaction robots, and software robots that can be installed on vehicles to achieve autonomous or semi-autonomous leadership. The project combines advanced techniques and advanced technologies of artificial intelligence, human-robot interaction, interaction with a pervasive environment, and cloud processing. Find out more…

Opportunistic Networks

Period: September 2015 – on-going
Coordinator: Radu-Ioan CIOBANU (UPB, Romania), Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

A series of research subjects related to mobile wireless networks and computing applications, pervasive services, context-awareness. Examples include the SPRINT protocol (presented in IEEE WoWMoM), the SENSE collaborative selfish node detection and incentive mechanism for mobile networks (where collaboration among users is a most, presented in IEEE/IFIP IM), the HYCCUPS contextual platform (designed to assist smartphones take intelligent decisions to collaborate towards minimizing their energy footprint, presented in MSWim, and selected by Elsevier among most promising research result of 2013), and other solutions where we combined social aspects of mobile devices with context information towards advanced wireless networking aspects (with results published in IEEE AINA, ADHOC-NOW, top-ranked conferences, and high-IF journals). Find out more…

Sim2Car

Period: September 2015 – on-going
Coordinator: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

This is a simulator developed for the realistic evaluation of solutions designed to optimise urban life through Intelligent and Smart City applications and technologies. At the basis, the simulator uses real-world data traces, that we re-designed to allow cars change trajectories and act as influenced by a smart traffic light, a toll zone, etc. Find out more…

Projects on Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks and Intelligent Transportation Systems

Funding scheme: Collaboration UPB, Romania – Rutgers University, USA
Period: September 2010 – on-going
Responsible UPB: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs) are wireless ad-hoc networks formed among vehicles on the roads equipped with short range wireless communication devices. Such networks are particularly attractive because of their potential to improve comfort and safety of people in modern urban and highway situations. With the increase of the number of people depending on cars and road infrastructures, VANETs have the potential to optimize traffic conditions, and to reduce congestions and pollution. In University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest we conduct a number of research projects on VANETs. These projects are developed in joint collaboration with the Disco Lab Laboratory from Rutgers University, USA. Find out more…

Experimental Software System in Cloud Architecture for Woodland Vegetation Coverage Monitoring (ForestMon)

Funding scheme: POC ID. P_40_270, Ctr. 1228/22.01.2018
Period: April 2018 – February 2020
Director: Florin POP (UPB, Romania)

The overall objective of the ForestMon is to improve existing algorithms for processing satellite imagery, to adapt them to work in the Cloud architecture and to implement them in an experimental system. The acquired satellite images are primarily processed and transmitted to the Cloud system, where by appropriate algorithms they divide them into geographic sub-areas. Find out more…

High-Performance Modelling and Simulation for Big Data Applications (cHiPSet)

Funding scheme: EU ICT COST Action IC1406
Period: April 2015 – April 2019
MC Chair: Joanna KOLODZIEJ (Poland)
Trainings Chair: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

The Big Data era poses a critically difficult challenge and striking development opportunities in High-Performance Computing (HPC): how to efficiently turn massively large data into valuable information and meaningful knowledge. Computationally effective HPC is required in a rapidly-increasing number of data-intensive domains, such as Life and Physical Sciences, and Socio-economical Systems. On the other hand, Modelling and Simulation (MS) offer suitable abstractions to manage the complexity of analysing Big Data in various scientific and engineering domains. Unfortunately, Big Data problems are not always easily amenable to efficient MS over HPC. Also, MS communities may lack the detailed expertise required to exploit the full potential of HPC solutions, and HPC architects may not be fully aware of specific MS requirements. The Action provides the integration to foster a novel, coordinated Big Data endeavour supported by HPC. It will strongly support information exchange, synergy and coordination of activities among leading European research groups and top global partner institutions, and will promote European software industry competitiveness. Find out more…

Past Projects

Traffic and Data Offloading in Mobile Networks: TTOff

Funding scheme: H2020 under grant agreement No. 644399 (MONROE)
Period: March 2017 – August 2018
Coordinator: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB Romania), Radu-Ioan CIOBANU (UPB Romania)

The growing consumption of data by mobile devices has put a strain on mobile networks. With the increasing number of Wi-Fi-capable nodes, traffic offloading between mobile broadband (MBB) and Wi-Fi has been gaining steady traction. End-users offload traffic for cost control and better throughput, while operators do it for congestion and traffic load control. However, offloading should provide users with a seamless experience while they use applications on their devices, which should make smart decisions about keeping data flows on preferred networks, while optimizing resources to improve user experience. Many solutions send all traffic to Wi-Fi when available, few looking for other metrics such as mobility-related, and quality of service (QoS) and quality of experience (QoE) parameters. TTOffs develops mechanisms to determine the best possible use of available networks, by intelligently switching traffic between MBB and Wi-Fi (over access points), or opportunistically through devices in proximity. In this context, to carry out experiments on a large scale measurement platform is a very attractive opportunity to mitigate technological risks associated with traffic offloading. In the experiment, we will measure and evaluate key performance indicators (KPIs) of providing offloading through MONROE. We implement a software extension to MONROE, to understand the impact of mobility (derived from context information collected by mobile nodes, ranging from throughput to location or contact history) over the offloading decision, and analyze the impact of offloading over real life situations, by observing traffic patterns, broadband and Wi-Fi network behavior (in terms of throughput, congestion, etc.). Find out more…

Excellence in Smart Data and Services for Supporting Water Management (Data4Water)

Funding scheme: H2020-TWINN-2015, Grant ID: 690900
Period: January 2016 – December 2018
Director: Mariana MOCANU (UPB, Romania)
WP4 leader: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

The H2020 Twinning proiect aims to enhance the S&T abilities in the field of smart, data driven e-services in water management, with focus on the widening organization. The complexity of research related to water management is extremely high and requires deep expertise in several ICT-related research domains. The dynamics of water and the role of humans in the water cycle are not well understood largely because environmental and socioeconomic analyses are still performed separately. Find out more…

Algorithms, Architectures and Platforms for Enhanced Living Environments (AAPELE)

Funding scheme: EU ICT COST Action IC1303, MoU 023/13
Period: November 2013 – November 2017
MC Chair: Nuno GARCIA (Portugal)
Editorial Chair: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

The Action aims to promote interdisciplinary research on AAL, through the creation of a research and development community of scientists and entrepreneurs, focusing on AAL algorithms, architectures and platforms, having in view the advance of science in this area and the development of new and innovative solutions. Find out more…

Mobility Beyond Individualism: an Integrated Platform for Intelligent Transportation Systems of Tomorrow (MobiWay)

Funding scheme: PN-II-PT-PCCA-2013-4-0321
Period: July 2014 – June 2016
Director: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

MobiWay proposes the development of a collaborative platform designed to support ITS applications by acting as a middleware connection hub, offering an optimal support to different ITS partners and municipalities through and a data sharing and ITS support service integration platform. The goal is to develop a platform of ecosystems, to allow engaging communities in exploiting the shared value of mobility and collaborative cultures that can be leveraged beyond the classical views of social networks, respectively the current trends of service creation. The project sets out a new vision for using mobile computing capacities for provisioning and support of ubiquitous connectivity and real-time applications and services for smart cities’ needs. Find out more…

Models and Techniques for Traffic Optimizing in Urban Environments (TRANSYS)

Funding scheme: CNCSIS-PN-II-RU-PD ID: 238, No. 4/28.07.2010
Period: July 2010 – June 2012
Director: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

TRANSYS proposes the research and development of original models, methods and techniques for optimizing traffic quality in urban environments. These solutions will target Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) and VANET networks. The main objective of this project is the research and development of models, methods and techniques to optimize traffic in urban environments. The project targets the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), the solutions being development within the VANET environments. This objective also assumes the development of solutions to reducing congestions in crowded traffic environments, the decrease of air-pollution and the adoption of solution to increase traffic safety capabilities. The derivate objectives complete the main objective with components and solutions defined within the project. The proposed models, methods and techniques will be based on a unitary set of solutions to ensuring security, optimized communication between vehicles and between vehicles and the road infrastructure and ensuring fault tolerance. Find out more…

Context-Aware Platform using Integrated Mobile Services (CAPIM)

Funding scheme: Postdoctoral Contract no. EXCEL N1/5/01.05.2010, National funds POSDRU/89/1.5/S/62557 (EXCEL)
Period: May 2010 – April 2013
Director: Ciprian DOBRE (UPB, Romania)

The project provides a set of contextualization features that include automatic collection of contextual information from modern mobile devices, customized information retrieval based on contextual information, aggregating and storing contextual data, and providing an aggregated view of contextual information to third-party application. It integrates context-aware monitorign adn control services in applications for orientation, information and recommendation, using mainly the capabilities of modern mobile devices. It provides a unitary API for retrieving and requesting contextual data, as well as developing actions to be triggered when specific contextual conditions are met, directly on the user’s mobile phone. Find out more…

Semantic keyword-based search on structured data sources (KEYSTONE)

Funding scheme: EU ICT COST Action IC1302, MoU 022/13
Period: October 2013 – October 2017
MC Chair: Francesco GUERRA (Italy)

To build a successful, unified and effective solution for Semantic keyword-based search algoritms, the Action proposes to join synergies from several disciplines, such as semantic data management, the semantic web, information retrieval, artificial intelligence, machine learning, user interaction, service science, service design, and natural language processing. Find out more…

Empowering Romanian Research on Intelligent Information Technologies (ERRIC)

Funding scheme: EU Coordination and support action, FP7-REGPOT-2010-1
Period: September 2010 – February 2014
Director: Adina-Magda FLOREA (UPB, Romania)

The ERRIC concept is to leverage, support and further develop the existing high quality human and material resources of A&C with the goal of achieving international recognition for the Faculty as a world class research excellence pole in a complex domain, Intelligent Information Technologies, which require the synergetic gathering of several research areas converging to support the development and deployment of such systems. Moreover, A&C blossom to its full research potential and promotion of its excellence in research at European and international level have the capacity to attract high quality international researchers, financial resources at national, regional and European level, and make A&C an active contributor to theEuropean Research Area (ERA). Find out more…

Scheduling Methods for Dynamic Distributed Systems: a self-* approach (SideSTEP)

Funding scheme: PNII – Bilateral Cooperation, PN-II-CT-RO-FR-2012-1-0084
Period: January 2013 – December 2014
Director: Florin POP (UPB, Romania)

SiDeSTEP proposes new methods for resource management and tasks assignment in dynamic distributed systems with the capability of self-organizing, self-healing and self-stabilizing. The specific objectives consider models and algorithms for self-* ubiquitous Cloud. For validation purposes, experimental prototypes will be implemented and tested on several scenarios and evaluated using simulation. The SiDeSTEP joint team will involve several visits and internships in both directions by Master and PhD students, post-doc researchers and full researchers. They will disseminate research results by publishing of papers in major international peer-reviewed journals, as chapters in edited-books or in well-established international conferences and workshops. Find out more…

Smart Internet Data Downloader and Aggregator (SideDOWN)

Funding scheme: PNII – Suport services for innovation, ID: PN-II-IN-CI-2012-1-0324
Period: November 2012 – April 2013
Director: Florin POP (UPB, Romania)

SideDOWN develops connectors for unstructured Web-based resources, and technologies to identify implicit Web entities and extracting information starting from such resources. The project extends the INTEMA platform with new business requirements, such as automatic collection of information, development of guided and profile-oriented search algorithms, personalized views. Find out more…

Program strategic pentru promovarea inovarii in servicii prin educatie deschisa, continua (INSEED)

Funding scheme: OIPOSDRU, Proiect Multi-Regional, Axa: 1.”Educaţia şi formarea profesională în sprijinul creşterii economice şi dezvoltării societăţii bazate pe cunoaştere”, ID: 57748
Period: September 2010 – August 2013
Director: Theodor BORANGIU (UPB, Romania)

Proiectul INSEED vizează crearea unui cadru modern educaţional de instruire şi formare de competenţe în învăţământul superior în domeniul ştiinţei, proiectării şi managementului serviciilor (SPMS) şi de promovare a inovării în industria serviciilor pe baza unui model de educatie deschisă, continuă şi a unei infrastructuri informatice distribuite de tip cloud cu resurse virtualizate şi accesibile ca servicii, interconectate la structuri europene. Find out more…

DataCloud@Work

Funding scheme: Associated Team between KerData and Myriads teams from INRIA Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique, and Computer Science Department from Politehnica University of Bucharest
Period: January 2010 – December 2012
Coordinators: Valentin CRISTEA (UPB, Romania), Gabriel ANTONIU (KerData team, INRIA, France)

DataCloud@Work is an associated team between KerData and Myriads teams from INRIA Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique and the Computer Science Department from Politehnica University of Bucharest. Our research topics address the area of distributed data management for cloud services. We aim at investigating several open issues related to autonomic storage in the context of cloud services. The goal is explore how to build an efficient, secure and reliable storage IaaS for data-intensive distributed applications running in cloud environments by enabling an autonomic behavior, while leveraging the advantages of the grid operating system approach. Find out more…

Models and Techniques for Ensuring Reliability, Safety, Availability and Security of Large Scale Distributed Systems (DEPSYS)

Funding scheme: CNCSIS-PN-II-IDEI, ID: 1710, No. 618/15.01.2009
Period: January 2009 – December 2011
Director: Valentin CRISTEA (UPB, Romania)

DEPSYS proposes a unified approach to all the aspects concerning dependable systems, by analyzing and designing methods and techniques for improving reliability, availability, safety and security of large scale distributed systems. The main objective of this project is the research and development of models, methods and techniques for increasing reliability, availability, safety and security of large scale distributed systems. The research focus is on Grid systems, but the solutions developed will be applied to other types of systems, like those based on the Web. Find out more…

Monitoring Agents using a Large Integrated Services Architecture (MonALISA)

Funding scheme: CERN/Caltech High Energy Physics Research
Period: September 2003 – December 2014
Director: Iosif C. LEGRAND (CERN / California Institute of Technology, USA)

MonALISA has been developed in collaboration with Caltech and its partners, with the support of the U.S. CMS software and computing program. The framework is based on Dynamic Distributed Service Architecture and is able to provide complete monitoring, control and global optimization services for complex systems. The MonALISA system is designed as an ensemble of autonomous multi-threaded, self-describing agent-based subsystems which are registered as dynamic services, and are able to collaborate and cooperate in performing a wide range of information gathering and processing tasks. These agents can analyze and process the information, in a distributed way, to provide optimization decisions in large scale distributed applications. An agent-based architecture provides the ability to invest the system with increasing degrees of intelligence, to reduce complexity and make global systems manageable in real time. The scalability of the system derives from the use of multithreaded execution engine to host a variety of loosely coupled self-describing dynamic services or agents and the ability of each service to register itself and then to be discovered and used by any other services, or clients that require such information. The system is designed to easily integrate existing monitoring tools and procedures and to provide this information in a dynamic, customized, self describing way to any other services or clients. Find out more…

Fast Data Transfer (FDT)

Funding scheme: CERN/Caltech High Energy Physics Research
Period: September 2005 – December 2015
Director: Iosif C. LEGRAND, Ramiro VOICU (CERN / California Institute of Technology, USA)

FDT is an Application for Efficient Data Transfers which is capable of reading and writing at disk speed over wide area networks (with standard TCP). It is written in Java, runs an all major platforms and it is easy to use. FDT can be used to stream a large set of files across the network, so that a large dataset composed of thousands of files can be sent or received at full speed, without the network transfer restarting between files. FDT was used at the SuperComputing 2006, SuperComputing 2008, SuperComputing 2009, by the Caltech team for the Bandwidth Challenge. Find out more…

MOdels of Networked Analysis at Regional Centers (MONARC 2)

Funding scheme: CERN/Caltech High Energy Physics Research
Period: September 2003 – December 2014
Director: Iosif C. LEGRAND (CERN / California Institute of Technology, USA)

MONARC is a simulation framework whose aim is to provide a design and optimization tool for large scale distributed computing systems, with a focus on the forthcoming LHC experiments at CERN . Our goals are to provide a realistic simulation of distributed computing systems, customized for specific physics data processing, and to offer a flexible and dynamic environment to evaluate the performance of a range of possible data processing architectures.
The current version comes with a set of new features, such as the possibility to simulate data replication and distributed scheduling, and with more ways to represent the simulation results, in order to better adapt to the users’ requirements. Another objective of the present project is to improve the flexibility and the performance of the Monarc framework, and in order to achieve it some parts of the simulation engine were redesigned; as our project is based on Java technology we also took advantage of the progress that has been made by the new Java Virtual Machine implementations. Find out more…

Localhost Information Service Agent (LISA)

Funding scheme: CERN/Caltech High Energy Physics Research
Period: September 2004 – August 2008
Director: Iosif C. LEGRAND (CERN / California Institute of Technology, USA)

LISA is a lightweight monitoring framework that can help in optimizing other applications by means of monitoring services. It consists of a number of service agents that can be easily deployed on any workstation. A LISA agent automatically detects the architecture on which it is deployed and dynamically loads the binary module necessary to perform monitoring services. LISA is based on Java technologies, those any LISA agent can operate independent of the operating system platform. Find out more…
Update: LISA2, being used in Bandwidth Challenge events, is also available. Find out more…

NCIT leading to EU IST excellency (EU-NCIT)

Funding scheme: EU FP6
Period: May 2005 – April 2008
Director: Nicolae TAPUS (UPB, Romania)

The strategic objective of the EU-NCIT project is the reinforcement of the S&T potential to provide know-how and experience in elaborating and coordination proposals and projects related to several IST research. The project is funded under the FP6 cadre, the Politehnica University of Bucharest being the coordinator of it. Find out more…